The builders of Stonehenge were guided by the task of recreating the interference pattern, says the American scientist Stephen Waller.
Independent researcher believed that the arrangement of stones conforms to the schema of the sound waves generated by the pair of musical instruments, that is, the regular recurrence of loud and quiet sounds due to acoustic interference with the simultaneous capture of the same notes.
The expert believes that the ability to capture sound waves amplify and cancel each other it was possible in the Neolithic. And ancient man, whose thinking was due to the mythological model of the world can seem (scholar continues to argue) that between the listener and the instruments is an invisible object. Mystery!
Mr. Waller was supplied by two flutes, the air pump so they played continuously, and began to walk in circles. Indeed, the sound had died down, it increased. Then this experiment was repeated, the volunteers blindfolded. They found that between the sound source and the ear from time to time get up some obstacles.
The researcher believes that the ancient inhabitants of Britain could dance to two bagpipes, and, as the people moved in a circle, the sound likewise died down, it increased, as if between musicians and dancers at an equal distance from each other were, say, invisible trees or rocks. This effect, according to the scientist, and tried to reproduce the builders of Stonehenge, for he could seem supernatural to ancient people as if you giving me something from the “thin” world. The pipe right at the threshold of the dawn, however.
Accordingly, in the center of Stonehenge Mr. Waller puts the musicians, while the ritual participants were required to visit the building in a circle, experiencing a mystical experience is probably the initiation to the mysteries of the universe, inexpressible in any other way.
Knowing full well that the hypothesis smacks of ordinary speculation, Mr. Waller supports its linksnd to local legend. Some of the megaliths used to be called the people of the pipers stones. He has also described the invisible towers of air, and the two pipers who enticed maidens to the circle, and then turned them into stones.
This is not the first suggestion that the builders of Stonehenge knew a lot about acoustics. In 2009, Rupert till from Huddersfield University (UK) with the help of computer analysis showed that the beats of the drums and the singing were supposed to ooze from the stones.
The hypothesis was presented at the meeting of the American Association for the advancement of science.
The restored sound, which frightened the faithful priests of Chavin de huantar.
More than three thousand years ago, people came to Chavin de huantar, high-mountain village in a valley of the Peruvian Andes, to hear the voice of the Oracle. Indeed, he said — and the sound was restored.
In the corridors of the temple of Chavin de huantar (photos Miriam Kolar)
At the annual meeting of the American Association of promoting the development of naukograda researchers presented evidence that the Chavin culture (and possibly other ancient cultures) were able to make acoustic techniques, which would envy the engineers of modern concert halls.
Chavin de huantar consists of terraces, squares, ornate megaliths, and a temple. There is plenty of evidence that this place was used for religious ceremonies. Among them is the powerful bas — reliefs of animals (jaguars, condors and snakes), images of hallucinogenic plants and finds of tools with which the latter prepared for use.
Part of the internal architecture is a complex multi-level maze that could affect the acoustics of long corridors and stairs that are sufficiently well preserved so that you can understand what I heard ancient people. Moreover, in the village of excavated pipes from the sinks. Apparently, and continued to blow them, that was demonstrated at the conference Miriam Kolar of Stanford University (USA).
In the 1970s, one Peruvian archaeologist opened the Grand canal in Chavin de huantar with built-in terraces. He suggested that the whole structure was intended to enhance the sound of rushing water. Ms. Kolar and her colleagues suspected that for creating the sound effects was designed and built that particular part Chavin de huantar. Long and narrow Central passage is narrowed, resulting in the audience gathered under the open sky, perfectly came the terrible sound of the trumpet potato that blew inside the temple.
If students were in different locations maze-like corridors of the temple, enhanced multiple echo completely concealed the source of the sound and added a supernatural sensations.
One way or another, but obviously, the complex Chavin de huantar was built specifically for acoustic effects.