Famous Gothic buildings
The location of the Federal Republic of Germany is very profitable: in the center of Europe, surrounded by nine States – Denmark (North), Belgium, the Netherlands, France and Luxembourg (West), Austria and Switzerland (South), Czech Republic and Poland (from the East). The Northern border of Germany is washed by the waters of the North and Baltic seas.
In modern Germany has a democracy. Republic of Germany headed by the Federal President, who is assigned, as a rule, official functions. Legislative power is exercised by a bicameral Parliament, the Bundestag and the Bundesrat (a body of representation of lands). Implementation of Executive power is the prerogative of the Federal government, headed by the Chancellor, the representative of the party that wins the election.
In Germany, there is an administrative-territorial unit on the ground (old and new), which 16. In turn, the livelihoods of each land follows its own capital, Constitution, Parliament and government.
Old Federal lands – a territory of Lower Saxony (Hanover), North Rhine-Westphalia (düsseldorf), Rhineland-Palatinate (Mainz), Hessen (Wiesbaden), the Saarland (saarbrücken), Baden-Wurttemberg (Stuttgart) and Bavaria (Munich). New land formed in the territories of Schleswig-Holstein (Kiel), Mecklenburg-Pomerania (Schwerin), Brandenburg (Potsdam), Saxony (Dresden), Saxony-Anhalt (Magdeburg), Thuringia (Erfurt). Among Federal lands separately distinguish the status of Bremen, Hamburg (relating to the old länder) and Berlin (new earth) – independent city-States.
The successful development of the German economy has made her a highly developed industrial country. Today in Germany, with the deposits of many minerals are mined brown and hard coal, oil, natural gas, polymetallic ores, potash and table salt. Availability of own resource base determined the development of ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, and machine building (including machine tools, electrical engineering and radio electronics, instrument, automobile and shipbuilding, etc.). In Germany, there are strong enterprises of chemical and petrochemical industries. Successfully operating in the spheres of woodworking, light and food industry. The world famous German porcelain and musical instruments.
Germany has a very rich cultural, historical and spiritual heritage, famous for its variety of attractions, most of which are located in the Rhine valley, Bavaria, the black forest and the Baltic coast. Thanks to beautiful lakes and mountains (including the highest peak is the Feldberg), as well as being the main centers of the German wine industry, the whole world knows about the South. And the possibility of exciting excursions and walks through the mysterious trails of the Black Forest (black forest) attract many tourists, especially considering that at the same time you can learn the customs and lifestyle of local residents.
Berlin as the capital of Germany, offers the main cultural attractions. You can see a lot at the State Museum of cultural treasures of Prussia, one of the sets – dal – famous collection of art of Ancient Egypt and paintings by old masters. The national gallery is the repository of a collection of paintings of XIX-XX centuries, and other areas of the fruit of the creativity of well-known figures can be found in the Museum of applied art, the Museum of musical instruments and the Museum of decorative arts in the Palace of Charlottenburg. Tourists are always very interested in the exhibits collections of ancient Roman, Greek and Asian art (including entire walls of ancient temples), Museum of Pergamon. An equally fascinating tour of the Bode Museum showing a collection of ancient Egyptian and Byzantine art. Architectural monuments are the Brandenburg gate, the Arsenal, the Cathedral of St. Hedwig, the Gothic Cathedral of St. Nicholas and the Reichstag building. More modern attractions presents Botanical garden, largest zoo and the Berlin TV tower (height 365м).
A real gem of Saxony is Dresden, which houses a large number of different cultural and architectural monuments. Among them – the famous Simerska Opera, the churches Hofkirche and Kreuzkirche (in Gothic style).
Cologne canonized by the famous Gothic Cologne Cathedral, which is crowned with two spires to the height 157м and inside of the tombs found shelter for the three wise men who brought gifts to baby Jesus. In Cologne are amazing museums: Romanic-Germanic (with the mosaic of Dionysos), Ludwig (modern art) and Wallraf-Richard. Here were built the beautiful Church of Saint-Maurice-Capital, St. Gereon, St. Libert. Tourists are invited to visit theatres, Opera and concert scene (Philharmonic orchestra), as well as the zoo, aquarium and Botanical garden. Particularly attractive to visitors from around the world famous Cologne carnivals and traditional pubs.
The main property of düsseldorf, the famous Koenigs-alley of the local arts center.
In Mainz, the former capital of the Roman province (IIIB.), you can visit the Roman municipium and the Roman Basilica with two choirs. The history of German culture reflected in the Central Roman-Germanic Museum, the Gutenberg Museum, the Cathedral. The traditions and life of the Germanic people is vividly presented in the remains of the early German buildings, the medieval manor and Palace. In addition to the monuments, Mainz – the place of the famous and popular carnival.
Germany is one big cultural and architectural monument. Throughout the country, in virtually every corner of every land you can find the most beautiful medieval castles – Reinfels, Sunek (the infamous center of knights-robbers XIII century.), Reichenstein (near the town of Trechtingshausen), Rheinbreitbach, Inbritish, Hoisdorf (castle with four towers, the former Royal court), the river Rhine, Lanec, the ruined castles of Sterrenberg and Liebenstein in Kamp-Bornhofen. As medieval Germany colorful appears Marksbury in the well-preserved Hall of Knights (with weapons), women’s spaces (with chastity belt), the chapel, etc. Natural beauty also not go unnoticed that confirms a view of the castle and the Rhine, opening from the chapel Martinsaari.