The Mausoleum Of Samanids
Mausoleum of the Samanids – the most ancient building in Bukhara, extant in their pristine environment. It was built at the turn of the IX and X centuries long
Mausoleum of the Samanids – the most ancient building in Bukhara, extant in their pristine environment. It was built at the turn of the IX and X centuries for Amed Ibn Asad by order of his son Amir Ismail Samani, the founder of the first centralized state in Central Asia. After a time, he was interred in the tomb. And in 943 was buried there as well, and the grandson of Ismail – Nasr.
The mausoleum is not large in size, which allows viewing the whole of this unique structure. It is a cubic structure, each side being about ten meters. The ancient builders gave a small tilt of the external walls inside, making this architectural miniature acquired the monumentality of the forms. In the interior on the walls and in the corners of the mausoleum have small arches on which rests the octagonal base of the dome hemisphere. To facilitate a large dome on the building corners are smaller domes. On top of the mausoleum is through the gallery that has forty openings that adds ease to the whole look of the building. All four facades of the mausoleum are identical doorways, decorated with Lancet arches, and the corners are decorated with semi-columns powerful.
Mausoleum of the Samanids – the first in Central Asia building, built of baked brick, which is used here not only as a building and decorative material. The walls of the tomb from inside and outside are composed of patterned brickwork figured the bricks. The specialists consist of over twenty configurations used brick. Man of the XXI century, accustomed to the industrial technologies of modern construction, it’s hard to imagine that the mausoleum of the Samanids each brick out of clay the best of the batch separately molded, burnt in a pottery kiln and carefully polished, before skilled masons began to lay out the pattern of the walls. Masters of the past decreed that during the day the ornamentation changes depending on lighting. Such a wall decoration does not know any monument of world architecture. Experts say that is better to observe the play of chiaroscuro in the moonlight.
The relief surface of the bricks, beside the decorative effect gives a high degree of coupling with alabaster solution, in combination with the thickness of the walls, reaching up to 1.8 metres, provided a surprising preservation of the monument.
The appearance of the Samanids mausoleum is inextricably linked with the Sogdian tradition and heralds the transition to a new style of Central Asian architecture. The origins of its architectural forms specialists see Zoroastrian burial structures and fire temples, many of which remained intact in Uzbekistan. So, in pre-Islamic architecture, the cube symbolized the earth, the firmament, the dome of the sky, and their Union is the Universe. The charm of the mausoleum of scholars see in the harmonious proportions of the building, close to the “Golden section”.
Samanid mausoleum rightly considered a masterpiece, one of the most perfect works of world architecture.