The Colosseum is a magnificent reminder of Ancient Rome
The Colosseum is one of the main symbols of Rome, came to us from the ancient times. Today, the Colosseum is crumbling, fanned by hot wind ancient structure that attracts tourists because of its grandeur and beauty.
The Colosseum was built during the reign of the Flavian dynasty. By the way, originally the Colosseum was called the Flavian amphitheatre . – in honor of the ruling family.
The Architecture Of The Colosseum
The Flavian amphitheatre was a place of entertainment and amusement. Here was held the famous Gladiator fights, fights of beasts and other popular in those days entertainment. For example, the floor plate was expanded, and the area turned into a pond depth of 1.5 m, where he played sea battles.
The Colosseum is the largest amphitheater of the Ancient world. His size is just impressive structure in the shape of an oval with the walls 156 of 188 meters, its height 48 to 50 meters. Such huge size of the amphitheatre was possible to seat 50,000 spectators. The construction of the Colosseum took 8 years (72 – 80 years).
Architectural technique that was used in the construction of the Colosseum in Rome, is used in the construction of stadiums and other arenas to this day. Its essence consists that it is necessary to evenly arrange the multiple entrances around the perimeter of the facilities. It allowed to fill the Flavian amphitheatre for 15 minutes and leave at 5. The Colosseum had 80 entrances.
The location of the seats of the amphitheatre corresponded to the caste stratification of the society of Ancient Rome. The lower level was intended for the Emperor, his family and the Senate. On the second tier were placed rich men, noblemen, and know. The third tier was occupied by other citizens. On the fourth, the top tier is located the lower class – the poor, slaves and women. Basically they had standing room. And some groups of the society in General was not allowed in amphitheater, actors, gravediggers and former gladiators.
The times of oblivion
Gone are the days. The Catholic Church was replaced by paganism, and Flavian amphitheatre came a dark streak.
In the 5th century were banned Gladiator fights and in the 6th century – the persecution of animals. In the 8th century, the amphitheater was renamed the Colosseum. Perhaps because of its enormous size (from lat. colosseus — a huge, enormous). Since the 11th century, the Coliseum served as the home of the aristocrats.
From that time began the gradual destruction of the Colosseum. Collapsed walls were the source of building material. In the 15th and 16th century Pope Paul II used the stones and bricks from the Colosseum for the construction of a Venetian Palace. Also a lot of material left on the construction of the Palace of the Chancellery and Palace of Fornace.
Thus, the ruthlessness of times and people destroyed the southern wall of the Roman amphitheatre, and the remaining walls were disfigured.
The Restoration Of The Colosseum
Over time, the opinion of the papacy and the aristocracy to the Colosseum has changed. The Catholic Church has consecrated the old building. Were fortified and saved the walls of the amphitheatre, which were ready to collapse, restored some of the interior walls.
In our days the Italian government cares for the Coliseum. Specialists have unearthed elements of the ruined walls and restored to their place, where possible.
To further restoration and preservation of a majestic reminder from the times of Ancient Rome was invested a lot of money, patience and effort.
Today, the Colosseum is the main attraction of Rome. Millions of tourists dream to see the Colosseum with your own eyes, feel the spirit of the ancient world and present themselves to the audience of the famous gladiators fights.
In 2007 the Colosseum was included in the list of the 7 New wonders of the world .