The highest religious buildings
The highest religious buildings
Temples, cathedrals, churches and chapels are not only a sacred place for religious people, but also a stunning attraction for tourists. The Church is practically in all cities of the world and most of them have interesting and unusual architecture. Also, some churches stand out for their scales. Here is a list of the tallest religious structures in the world.
1. The great Hassan II mosque is 210 m
The Hassan II mosque located in Casablanca is not only the largest mosque in Morocco, but in General the most largest religious temple in the world. It was built during the government of king Hassan II in 1993 and offers a wonderful view of the Atlantic ocean. It is noteworthy that the architect of the mosque — the Frenchman Michel Pinto, was not a Muslim. At the same time in Hassan II mosque can pray 20 thousand believers and another 80 thousand — on the square near it. The total cost of this building amounted to about $ 800 million. And it is the donations of the faithful. The Hassan II mosque is one of the few religious buildings in Morocco where non-Muslims allowed. Inside praying hall is decorated with 78 columns made of pink granite, the floors are covered with Golden marble and green onyx in winter the floor is heated, and the Central roof part can be moved apart. Paying 100 dirhams (about 10 American dollars), anyone can get in and make photosgraphy.
2. Atoning the Sagrada Familia is 172 m
Redeeming Holy Family Cathedral, often called La Sagrada Familia — the famous Church in Barcelona, designed by the famous Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi. The temple is located in the Eixample district, its construction was started in 1882 and still not completed. The first draft of the Cathedral was designed by the architect Francisco del Villar, the place which at the end of 1883 was invited by A. Gaudi, significantly changed the initial project. By decision of the initiators of the construction of the temple financing activities must be performed solely by donations of parishioners, which is one of the reasons for such a long period of construction.
3. Mole Antonelliana – 168 m
This experimental building height of 168 meters, built in the XIX century by the architect Alessandro Antonelli in the Italian city of Turin. Like the Eiffel tower in Paris, the building eventually came to be seen as the symbol of Turin. The tower was built during the period when Turin was the capital of Italy, in 1863, as the main synagogue of the country. The architect Antonelli, who had just finished building a 120-meter dome of the Basilica of San Gaudenzio in Novara provincial, promised to keep within the budget, amounting to 280 thousand. However, by 1876 the expenditure exceeded 620 thousand, and the height is still an unfinished building at the insistence of the architect has been increased from 66 to 168 meters. The Jewish community refused to continue funding the project and handed it over to the city authorities, and completed construction in 1889, after the death of Antonelli. In 1908 in the building entered the Museum of the Risorgimento, which was, thus, most high-altitude Museum in the world. In 1938, the Museum was moved to the Palazzo Carignano, and in 2000 he held the newly formed national film Museum.
4. Minster – 166 m
The construction of this Cathedral, located in the German city of Ulm, began in 1377 and ended in 1890. This Cathedral, the architect of which was Ulrich Ensinger, is the tallest completed Cathedral in Catholic Europe and around the world. Give visitors the opportunity to climb to the top of this building. The ascent is by a stone spiral staircase.
5. Notre-Dame-de-La-PE – 158 m
The Basilica of Notre-Dame de La Paix in Yamoussoukro, côte d’ivoire, is one of the highest Roman Catholic churches in the world. It was built from 1985 to 1989, on the model of St. Peter’s in Rome. The consecration September 10, 1990, made Pontiff John Paul II. Although the Basilica in Yamoussoukro is superior to Vatican type and area (30 thousand sq. m.), and the height of the dome (158 meters), the interior space is designed in such a way that accommodates not more than 18,000 believers, while the Cathedral of St. Peter — three times. A condition of his participation in the consecration John Paul II set the erection near it of the hospital. This promise was given to him and the Pontiff personally laid on the field near the Church, the first stone that can be seen there to this day, because the construction has not begun.
6. Cologne Cathedral is 157 m
Cologne Cathedral – the Gothic Cathedral in Cologne (Germany), a world heritage site by UNESCO. Construction: 1248-1437, 1842-1880, With a height of 157 meters, was the tallest building in the world from 1880 to 1884. In 1248, when the Archbishop of Cologne Konrad von Hochstaden laid the first stone in the Foundation of the Cologne Cathedral, began one of the longest chapters in the history of European construction. Cologne, one of the richest and most politically powerful cities in the then German Empire, considered necessary, following the example of France, having its Cathedral and its scope were to outshine all other temples.
7. Tayninskaya pagoda is 154 m
Tayninskaya pagoda in Changzhou, China, is known as a very high pagoda not only in China but throughout the world. Construction began in 2002 and the opening ceremony took place in 2007. This wooden pagoda is the tallest Buddhist pagoda in the world. The construction of the pagoda was proposed Buddhist Association of China in 2001, yet providing money for building the temple was an international effort, the leaders of 108 Buddhist associations and temples worldwide attended the opening ceremony of the temple.
8. Rouen Cathedral – 151 m
Rouen Cathedral – Gothic Cathedral in Rouen. The Cathedral of the Archbishop of Rouen and Normandy. Classified as monuments of national heritage of France. The construction of the Cathedral lasted from 1145 in 1880.
9. The Strasbourg Cathedral is 144 m
Strasbourg Cathedral – the Cathedral in the French city of Strasbourg, the former for over 200 years the tallest building in the world. Belongs to the largest cathedrals in the history of European architecture and the world’s largest buildings of Sandstone. As the city of Strasbourg, the Cathedral combines French and German cultural influences. The Catholic Church is the Bishop, but was both Catholic and Protestant. Construction began in 1015, and in the following centuries the Cathedral was rebuilt and changed its appearance. The Eastern part of the Cathedral, including the choir and South portal, built in the Romanesque style, and the longitudinal nave and famous, decorated with thousands of figures, West facade are masterpieces of Gothic architecture. Architects, as well as in the construction of Cologne Cathedral, focused on French Gothic Cathedral, which is evident by the vision of the Western towers and, as a result, a broad West facade and the longitudinal nave in the Basilica form, in contrast to the German churches with three naves of the same height. North tower with a height of 144 m, the construction of which was finished in 1439.
10. The mosque Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz – 143 m
The mosque Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz state mosque in Selangor, Malaysia. It is the biggest mosque of the country and the second largest mosque in Southeast Asia after Istiqlal mosque in Jakarta, Indonesia. this is the highest mosque in all of Asia. The mosque was zalozenia Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz on 14 February 1974. Construction began in 1982 and ended on 11 March 1988. During the reign of Sultan Mosque was also known as the Blue Mosque because of its blue dome, which is one of the largest in the world.