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Underground city of Derinkuyu

Underground city of Derinkuyu

Underground complex of Derinkuyu is located in the same village (ancient name – Melagobia, Turkish – Manenguba, which means “deep well”) is 30 km South of Nevsehir in Cappadocia (Turkey).

The complex is a large eight-level underground city, with a depth of about 85 m, the largest city cleaned today in Turkey, covering an area of about 1,500 sq. m. According to archaeologists currently open only 10% of this ancient city. Only five levels deep in the past, here was large enough to accommodate and lead a life of approximately 20 thousand people together with their products for life, and even livestock.

Derinkuyu was opened in 1963, and in 1965 he was available for inspection by tourists. The city was built probably in the VI-X centuries. It is known that 8-km-long tunnel linked the ancient underground world of Kaymakli – one of the largest underground cities, but at the moment, the tunnel is impassable because of debris.

The entrance to the cave is located in one-story building among the plateau at a height of 1355 m above sea level.

In the city you can see the rooms, chapels, vent pipes, wells, halls, stables for livestock, barns, schools, kitchens, wineries, warehouses, etc.

There is a wide room with a vaulted ceiling . located on the second floor of the complex of Derinkuyu. It was a religious school and the rooms to the left of it was intended to practice.

Despite the large area, it’s relatively easy to navigate, everywhere there are signs – red (lead to outputs) and green (continued examination) hands.

The city’s air ventilation shafts 52 are provided, with which even on the lower floors to breathe freely and easily. Water people get from the same mines that simultaneously fulfilled the role of wells, their depth is 85 m deep, reaching to the groundwater.

Each floor in the underground city can be closed from inside the large stone door . the height of such door reaches 1-1. 5 m, width – 30-35 cm, and weight is from 200 to 500 kg! In the door there is a hole which served for opening/closing or to see who is outside. Such a wheel-the door could be pushed inside 2 people.

In total the complex consists of 13 tiers . for communication between the floors in the floor made small holes. Today only 8 of them are open to visitors, cleaned the bottom floor is at a depth of 54 m from the main level, the main entrance to the ancient city.

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