Master images of Gothic cathedrals
The main images of the sculptures of Gothic cathedrals
The Gothic Cathedral represented a distinctive collection of religious transfigured realities of the world. In it his life’s struggle, conflict, sorrow, and suffering people, compassion and love, hatred and anger acted in sculptural compositions, transferring the images of different gospel stories, such as the scourge of the Patriarch job, the persecution of the Martyr cruel pagans, crying the mother of God on the crucified Christ.
When choosing subjects, how and when the distribution of images, the wizard created a giant Gothic sculptural complexes, obeyed the established Church rules. Together ancient sculptures. located on the facades of cathedrals, gave a clear view of the universe that took place in accordance with religious beliefs.
As a rule, Central portal, located on the West facade, dedicated to Christ or the Madonna; the left – hand portal is a Saint, venerated in certain dioceses, and the main portal of the Madonna.
On the pillar separating the doors of the Central portal is in two parts, installed a large statue of the Madonna, Christ or a Saint. On the pedestal often appeared the statues representing the seasons or “months”. The slopes of the walls were decorated with monumental figures of apostles, saints, prophets, angels, and old Testament characters. Sometimes, there seemed to plots allegorical or narrative, such as Mary’s Visit to Elizabeth, the Annunciation, the Church and the Synagogue, the Foolish and prudent virgins and other scenes.
The gate field of the tympanum was filled with high reliefs. If the portal is dedicated to Christ, it was depicted painting of the last judgment. This sculptural piece at the top was the Christ, pointing to his wounds, on both sides – St. John the Evangelist and the Madonna surrounded by angels and apostles. Beneath them in a separate area depicted angel, sveshivalis soul. To the left of the viewer was the righteous and on the right – the demons that ruled sinful souls, and also the hell. The lowest part of the composition was supplemented with the stage of resurrection of the dead.
In the case of the image of the Madonna, the tympanums filled with such scenes as the Capture of the Madonna to heaven, the assumption and heavenly coronation. On the archivolt of the portals in this case the figure used for the development of the main theme in the tympanum, or they were filled with sculptures in one way or another connected with the main theme of the portal. The statue has always been associated with the General appearance of the walls, and their dimensions conform to the architectural forms of the Cathedral. Vertical partitioning architecture was stressed elongated figures. Plastic Gothic and Romanesque, combined with the architecture, but not blindly obey her, as it were, a life of my own. The statue thus became more round, allowing them to separate from the wall and take their place on separate pedestals in the niches.