St. Peter’s Basilica
St. Peter’s Cathedral the oldest building of the Vatican. Is this true?
The oldest building in Vatican city is St. Peter’s Basilica. It is considered, that it was erected in the fourth century during the reign of Constantine the Great, and subsequently rebuilt. However, it is not. Historians themselves recognize that Constantine the Great ordered to put on the grave of St. Peter a very different Church Basilica, of which nothing remains. It is reported that soon after it was built it was badly damaged. Blame for this was allegedly the first Pope Damasus, who ordered to dig channels in the district. As a result of the construction of the Basilica began to direct the streams of water, which destroyed the Church. It is interesting that, despite this, Pope Damasus was canonized. In the Vatican is named in his honour was the court of St. Damasus.
After the destruction of the first Church Basilica was built here the Cathedral of St. Peter. Which many consider to be very ancient. However, it was built in the sixteenth, seventeenth centuries. In 1628 he was consecrated by Pope urban the sixth. But was there ever the first Church of the Basilica? Look at some old pictures, which depicted the Vatican in the sixteenth century.
St. Peter’s Basilica and the analysis of its antiquity
Here, for example ancient fresco 1537-1541, located in the Castel Sant’angelo in Rome. It depicts the theatre Bramanti running down the hillside and connects the papal castle Belvedere, situated on a hilltop apartment Borgia. To the right in the distance is seen the castle of the Holy angel. But then in the foreground or a little to the left you should see the Cathedral of St. Peter, but it is not there. There is the ancient Church of Basilica. Instead they depict the pond, which played a sea view. Around the wasteland. Looking at this mural, it becomes clear why historians, speaking of the theatre Bramante, the word “theatre” is used in a figurative sense. Say, actually it was not any theatre, and received this name by mistake. However, on the fresco clearly shows that the lower part of the theatre was a pond for sea views. As above, in the Belvedere courtyard, jousting tournaments staged.
One such tournament, hosted by Pope Pius the fourth, on the occasion of marriage of their relatives depicted on preserved ancient fresco. Therefore, any ancient Basilica over the grave of St. Peter at that time was not.
Let us look at an old painting of the Vatican in the sixteenth century. It shows the upper part of the theatre Bramante. There in the sixteenth century, houses a collection of marble, supposedly ancient sculptures that belonged to Pope Julius the second. In this picture the Cathedral of St. Peter, unfortunately not captured. But it is clearly visible that around the theatre Bramanti is a broad field. In the mid-sixteenth century, it absolutely was still not habitable. Although it is unlikely it would be so empty if even in the fourth century it would have stood the magnificent Basilica erected by order of Constantine the Great.
And here is a picture of the famous Chronicles of Sedalia released, allegedly in 1493. This figure also depicts the Vatican. On a high hill stands the fortress, it’s probably a Belvedere. Below the papal Palace in the form of a medieval knight’s castle. And where there should be St. Peter’s Cathedral, depicts a common house, with the inscription Saint Peter. It is evident, that this house, a little like a Church. Most likely, the inscription on the print made later.
The Vatican sixteenth century and is depicted on the famous universal cosmography of Sebastian münster, 1550, supposedly. The figure is clearly visible Castel Sant’angelo and the bridge over the Tiber river. Next on the mountain you can see the Belvedere. Theatre Bramante yet. From Castel Sant’angelo is a fortress wall connects it with the papal Palace, built in the form of a knight’s castle with a high watchtower. Near this Palace, must be the Basilica of Constantine, allegedly standing on the spot where now stands St. Peter’s Basilica. But why, then there is no inscriptions talking about it. At the same time, the papal Palace is signed “palatium Pope”. Is the papal Palace had for Sebastian münster more important than the Basilica, raised by Constantine the Great over the grave of the Apostle Peter himself. It is unlikely this is possible. Most likely, any Basilica in the sixteenth century, there just wasn’t.