Underground Etruscan pyramids
Archaeologists have discovered an underground pyramid of the Etruscans
Known above-ground Etruscan pyramids, this is one of them. Most likely, they served as altars.
In Central Italy a group of American and Italian archaeologists have discovered a pyramid of the Etruscans — for the first time in the history of science. Structures carved into the volcanic tuff, on which stands the city of Orvieto. The upper part of one of them was used as a wine cellar, in which were seen the ancient stairs.
Having started the excavations, David George from College of the Holy. Anselm (USA) and Claudio Bizzarri from local archaeological Park noticed that the walls have a tilt, leading to the idea of a pyramidal form, informs compulenta. Passing through a layer of mid-twentieth century, archaeologists have reached a medieval floor.
Directly beneath, they came across a layer filled with red-figure attic pottery of the middle of V century BC, and Etruscan pottery with inscriptions VI?V centuries BC was discovered Next layer of material, which the builders deliberately covered the lower levels, where leave is cut in the wall of the stairs. Maybe in the tomb?
At a depth of about three meters found a tunnel leading to another pyramid structure. It is assumed that it was dug in the middle of V century BC this is All very mysterious — as should be the case with the Etruscans.
The heyday of Etruria (a region in Central Italy, which is now occupied by the province of Tuscany, Lazio, Emilia Romagna and Umbria) began about 900 BC and during the five centuries that some new people had dominated almost the entire territory of the Italian boot South of the po river.
In the V century BC civilization has reached heights in the field of art, agriculture, Metalworking, etc. withstood the onslaught gained momentum and the Romans gradually fell into disrepair. In the period from 300 to 100 BC, its territory gradually became part of young and aggressive state.
The language of the Etruscans (clearly not of Indo-European origin) was forgotten, not left them no literature, no documents: only the epitaphs on the ornate tombs.
Perhaps the pyramid Orvieto a little lift the veil of secrecy. Archaeologists believe that under the city is at least five such facilities. The experts stress that the pyramid shape carved in the stone buildings, most likely, was inspired by the natural shape of the local underground caves.
The Etruscans— the ancient tribes that inhabited in the first Millennium BC, the Northwest of the Apennine Peninsula (the region of ancient Etruria, modern Tuscany) between the rivers Arno and Tiber, and created an advanced culture that preceded the Roman and had a great impact