Veliky Novgorod
In the library there was a presentation of the book "fortresses of Novgorod the Great" On 25 October in the reading hall of the regional universal scientific library there was…

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Secrets of the underworld
Mysteries and secrets of history Secrets of the underworld Secrets of the underground world, it is difficult to find a nation on Earth that didn't have legends about creatures living…

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Underground Etruscan pyramids
Archaeologists have discovered an underground pyramid of the Etruscans Known above-ground Etruscan pyramids, this is one of them. Most likely, they served as altars. In Central Italy a group of…

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The architecture and sculpture of the Gothic

The architecture and sculpture of the Gothic

Gothic art represents the next Romanesque after the stage of development of medieval art. The name is conventionally. It was synonymous with barbarism in the view of historians of the Renaissance who first used this term describing the art of the middle ages in General, not seeing it his valuable sides. Gothic — a more Mature art style of the middle ages than the Roman one. It affects the unity and integrity of artistic expression in all art forms. Religious form of Gothic art more sensitively than romance, to life, nature and man. It involved and its terms the entire sum of medieval knowledge, complex and contradictory ideas and experiences. In the dreaminess and emotion of the images of the Gothic, both at home and the rise of spiritual impulses, in the tireless pursuit of her masters felt the new influences — the awakening of the mind and feelings, the passionate desire for beauty. Increased spirituality of Gothic art, the growing interest in human feelings, to astronavigation, to the beauty of the real world produced the flowering of Renaissance art.

France . The classical expression of the Gothic style got in France — the Motherland of Gothic cathedrals. In 12-14 centuries is the Association of French lands, the state is formed, laying the Foundation of national culture. The first monuments of French Gothic architecture originated in the province of Ile-de-France (Saint-Denis Abbot Suger), the heart of the Royal domain. In these temples preserved some features of Romanesque architecture: the massive walls of smooth, sculpted sculpting models, the heaviness of the towers of the facade, clarity of composition, calm horizontal divisions on four tiers, massive monumental simplicity of forms, the parsimony of the décor. The construction of the brine the greatest Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame (Notre Dame, founded in 1163; completed until the mid 13th century: the crown of chapels in the early 14th century), characterized, in spite of numerous completion, the integrity of the appearance. It is built in the center of the ancient part of Paris, on the île de La Cité, formed over the Seine. The Cathedral — Basilica with its weakly protruding tripsacum, square cells of the main nave. The Western facade is harmonious in its proportions, clear tiered divisions and the balance of shapes. Three promising in-depth portal ogival shape reveal the thickness of the basement, stressing the stability of the construction. Over the entire width of the facade is the so-called “gallery of kings”. The rose window of the deep semi-circular arch is celebrating its diameter of the Central nave and the height of the arch. Rose flanking Lancet Windows light the halls of the first floor of the towers. Carved cornice and a graceful arcature of muddy columns give lightness and slimness the top of the building. The composition of the façade, built on a gradual simplification of forms, is completed by two rectangular towers rising above the roofs. All openings of the portals, the tunnel arches vary in shape ogival arches, are some gentle in the lower belt and pointed at the top that tells the dynamic façade, the viewer creates a sense of aspiration of all forms up. The sculptural decoration of the Cathedral remained only PA tympanums, PA concave surfaces of the portal, on the ground floor.

Each Gothic Cathedral had its own individual face, bore the imprint of a sincere inspiration builders. The most faithful representation of the initial appearance of French Gothic churches will give Chartres Cathedral, created on the eve of the heyday of classic French Gothic. It captures the viewer with a sense of natural power. Strict monumental forms, arches, imbued with mighty power, bear the seal of the violent, cruel and heroic era of the first half of the 13th century. This is a wonderful example of the merging of powerful architectural masses and lines, sculptures and a huge, sparkling, shimmering stained glass double trench, topped with a rose. They have survived almost entirely in its original form and create a special atmosphere of light and color, constantly changing depending on the state of nature.

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Main page The highest religious buildings Temples, cathedrals, churches and chapels are not only a sacred place for religious people, but also a stunning attraction for tourists. The Church is…

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The architectural styles of Spain
The architectural styles of Spain On the territory of this unusual country are almost all styles of world architecture. Roman monuments, austere Gothic cathedrals, magnificent buildings of the Renaissance and…

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