St. Peter's Basilica
St. Peter's Cathedral the oldest building of the Vatican. Is this true? The oldest building in Vatican city is St. Peter's Basilica. It is considered, that it was erected in…

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Technical facilities
Is only slightly rotate your view, so the flow of information overwhelms the mind. The sector survey now turned to fortification. Some time ago, going to visit his friend, found…

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The Colosseum
The Colosseum is a magnificent reminder of Ancient Rome The Colosseum is one of the main symbols of Rome, came to us from the ancient times. Today, the Colosseum is…

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The architecture and sculpture of the Gothic

The architecture and sculpture of the Gothic

Gothic art represents the next Romanesque after the stage of development of medieval art. The name is conventionally. It was synonymous with barbarism in the view of historians of the Renaissance who first used this term describing the art of the middle ages in General, not seeing it his valuable sides. Gothic — a more Mature art style of the middle ages than the Roman one. It affects the unity and integrity of artistic expression in all art forms. Religious form of Gothic art more sensitively than romance, to life, nature and man. It involved and its terms the entire sum of medieval knowledge, complex and contradictory ideas and experiences. In the dreaminess and emotion of the images of the Gothic, both at home and the rise of spiritual impulses, in the tireless pursuit of her masters felt the new influences — the awakening of the mind and feelings, the passionate desire for beauty. Increased spirituality of Gothic art, the growing interest in human feelings, to astronavigation, to the beauty of the real world produced the flowering of Renaissance art.

France . The classical expression of the Gothic style got in France — the Motherland of Gothic cathedrals. In 12-14 centuries is the Association of French lands, the state is formed, laying the Foundation of national culture. The first monuments of French Gothic architecture originated in the province of Ile-de-France (Saint-Denis Abbot Suger), the heart of the Royal domain. In these temples preserved some features of Romanesque architecture: the massive walls of smooth, sculpted sculpting models, the heaviness of the towers of the facade, clarity of composition, calm horizontal divisions on four tiers, massive monumental simplicity of forms, the parsimony of the décor. The construction of the brine the greatest Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame (Notre Dame, founded in 1163; completed until the mid 13th century: the crown of chapels in the early 14th century), characterized, in spite of numerous completion, the integrity of the appearance. It is built in the center of the ancient part of Paris, on the île de La Cité, formed over the Seine. The Cathedral — Basilica with its weakly protruding tripsacum, square cells of the main nave. The Western facade is harmonious in its proportions, clear tiered divisions and the balance of shapes. Three promising in-depth portal ogival shape reveal the thickness of the basement, stressing the stability of the construction. Over the entire width of the facade is the so-called “gallery of kings”. The rose window of the deep semi-circular arch is celebrating its diameter of the Central nave and the height of the arch. Rose flanking Lancet Windows light the halls of the first floor of the towers. Carved cornice and a graceful arcature of muddy columns give lightness and slimness the top of the building. The composition of the façade, built on a gradual simplification of forms, is completed by two rectangular towers rising above the roofs. All openings of the portals, the tunnel arches vary in shape ogival arches, are some gentle in the lower belt and pointed at the top that tells the dynamic façade, the viewer creates a sense of aspiration of all forms up. The sculptural decoration of the Cathedral remained only PA tympanums, PA concave surfaces of the portal, on the ground floor.

Each Gothic Cathedral had its own individual face, bore the imprint of a sincere inspiration builders. The most faithful representation of the initial appearance of French Gothic churches will give Chartres Cathedral, created on the eve of the heyday of classic French Gothic. It captures the viewer with a sense of natural power. Strict monumental forms, arches, imbued with mighty power, bear the seal of the violent, cruel and heroic era of the first half of the 13th century. This is a wonderful example of the merging of powerful architectural masses and lines, sculptures and a huge, sparkling, shimmering stained glass double trench, topped with a rose. They have survived almost entirely in its original form and create a special atmosphere of light and color, constantly changing depending on the state of nature.

Megalithic structures
Megalithic structures – erected before the Flood "These three walls [Saccoman, Peru] built as so many gems in them, and so they are huge". "Huge monoliths [Tiahuanaco, Peru] were created…

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The Mausoleum Of Samanids
Mausoleum of the Samanids – the most ancient building in Bukhara, extant in their pristine environment. It was built at the turn of the IX and X centuries long Mausoleum…

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