Features of Gothic script
Gothic letter — collection letter Latin handwritings of the middle ages. Appeared in the XI century, replacing the Carolingian uncial letter.
Since the beginning of the printing appeared inlaid Gothic fonts — famous Gutenberg Bible was typed variant textures. In Italy, the first printed book with Gothic letters appeared in 1473. (these were the works of H. de Torquemada and R. Caraccioli).
The name (from the “barbarian” people ready, in fact had nothing to do with this font) was proposed in the XV century figures of the Italian Renaissance, who considered such fonts are “barbaric” and Roman protivopostavlyalsya their writing. In the Romanesque and Eastern European countries, Western Christian, Roman type was adopted immediately, however, the German peoples (and peoples under the cultural domination of the latter — the Finns, Estonians, Latvians, and so D.) for the same reasons, began to be applied Fraktur (a type of Gothic script), with fractures clearly were opposed to the serif font as a different system of writing and has never been used for writing in languages where the Gothic letter was not accepted (for example, German-Latin, German-French or German-Czech texts (dictionaries, bilingual or Glossa) written in Fraktur to Antiqua and German for Latin, French or Czech). In further rejection of the fracture was associated Continue reading
The architecture and sculpture of the Gothic
Gothic art represents the next Romanesque after the stage of development of medieval art. The name is conventionally. It was synonymous with barbarism in the view of historians of the Renaissance who first used this term describing the art of the middle ages in General, not seeing it his valuable sides. Gothic — a more Mature art style of the middle ages than the Roman one. It affects the unity and integrity of artistic expression in all art forms. Religious form of Gothic art more sensitively than romance, to life, nature and man. It involved and its terms the entire sum of medieval knowledge, complex and contradictory ideas and experiences. In the dreaminess and emotion of the images of the Gothic, both at home and the rise of spiritual impulses, in the tireless pursuit of her masters felt the new influences — the awakening of the mind and feelings, the passionate desire for beauty. Increased spirituality of Gothic art, the growing interest in human feelings, to astronavigation, to the beauty of the real world produced the flowering of Renaissance art.
France . The classical expression of the Gothic style got in France — the Motherland of Gothic cathedrals. In 12-14 centuries is the Association of French lands, the state is formed, laying the Foundation of national culture. The first monuments of French Gothic architecture originated in the province of Ile-de-France (Saint-Denis Abbot Suger), the heart of the Royal domain. Continue reading
Mysterious megaliths Alatri
All known Egipetskie pyramids, Machu Picchu and Stonehenge… we admire these ancient and mysterious buildings. Did you know that the ancient megalithic buildings in Italy?
Today we will get acquainted with the city of Alatri, located in the province of Frosinone, Lazio region and it is famous for its megalithic walls of the Acropolis. In the ancient Alatri called Aletrium (Aletrium) and he was one of the main centers of the Italian people of the ancient ernici mountains.
The Acropolis – the oldest and famous building of the city Alatri, his emblem. It is still unknown when was the Acropolis built, by whom and for what, there is only speculation.
The Acropolis is an earthquake-resistant structure, built using huge stones, laid dry, without any ligamentous material. It is located in the highest part of the city, its construction was begun probably in the 7th century BC The Acropolis for a long time had two functions: a sacred place, here very probably was a temple dedicated to Saturn, God the founder of the city and the second function — the fortress (of a defensive garrison), where the population took refuge in case of danger.
Archaeologists continue to make new discoveries in this mysterious place. For example, scientists Continue reading