Funerary structure: the first manifestations
The temples of Karnak and Luxor are amazing examples of monumental Egyptian architecture. In the case of Karnak, the speech can go not about the temple itself, but about a wide range of buildings of a sacred character, which had been building for centuries at the behest of various pharaohs, including Queen Hatshepsut, amenemhat III, and SETI I. Ramses II and Ramses III. View his Pocket, clearly demonstrating the large size of this complex and which, in addition to its planimetry, we can note a widespread use of stone as a building material
The king was the representative of all the people, the intermediary between people and gods. When you save the life of the king preserved it for all other groups. Continued the annual cycle of the Nile with its spill. Funeral rites has gained importance as rulers to know and also experienced the desire to have a tomb similar to the tomb king, which would ensure them eternal life. Therein lie the origins of the development of mastabas, the characteristic form of burial architecture of the upper classes. If the cemetery is, in principle, were within the limits of cities and towns, with the adoption of the cult, aims at eternal life, Maccabi began to group, forming streets with proper planning. These streets were developed in these cities of the dead, far from city centres. At the same time, was crystallized three principles Continue reading
Gothic (it. gotico – letters. Gothic, svyazannye with a Germanic tribe is ready) – an artistic style that emerged in the mid-twelfth century in France and spread in Western, Central and partly in Eastern Europe. Gothic completed the development of European medieval art and arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture. The term “Gothic” became established during the Renaissance to refer to all medieval art, which was considered “barbaric”. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
The leading place in the art was Gothic Cathedral, around which was concentrated the life of the citizens. Structural basis of the Cathedral served as a frame of pillars and based on them Lancet arches. The imposition of outside structural elements that support the cross vault, has created an enormous, incommensurable with the person the space of the interior. The walls of the Cathedral were cut huge Windows with colourful stained glass, which in the mysterious gloom of the interior glowe