Gothic architecture
Report: Gothic architecture Gothic architecture The Gothic style was the first rather original architectural style which was born in Northern Europe. More than 300 years the rising up, penetrated by…

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Master images of Gothic cathedrals
The main images of the sculptures of Gothic cathedrals The Gothic Cathedral represented a distinctive collection of religious transfigured realities of the world. In it his life's struggle, conflict, sorrow,…

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Veliky Novgorod
In the library there was a presentation of the book "fortresses of Novgorod the Great" On 25 October in the reading hall of the regional universal scientific library there was…

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arch

Underground Etruscan pyramids

Archaeologists have discovered an underground pyramid of the Etruscans

Known above-ground Etruscan pyramids, this is one of them. Most likely, they served as altars.

In Central Italy a group of American and Italian archaeologists have discovered a pyramid of the Etruscans — for the first time in the history of science. Structures carved into the volcanic tuff, on which stands the city of Orvieto. The upper part of one of them was used as a wine cellar, in which were seen the ancient stairs.

Having started the excavations, David George from College of the Holy. Anselm (USA) and Claudio Bizzarri from local archaeological Park noticed that the walls have a tilt, leading to the idea of a pyramidal form, informs compulenta. Passing through a layer of mid-twentieth century, archaeologists have reached a medieval floor.

Directly beneath, they came across a layer filled with red-figure attic pottery of the middle of V century BC, and Etruscan pottery with inscriptions VI?V centuries BC was discovered Next layer of material, which the builders deliberately covered the lower levels, where leave is cut in the wall of the stairs. Maybe in the tomb?

At a depth of about three meters found a tunnel leading to another pyramid structure. It is assumed that it was dug in the middle of V century BC this is All very mysterious — as should be the case with the Etruscans.

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About the Sphinx and the great pyramids

The ancient Egyptians have left monuments which to this day amaze scientists for its giant size. The most significant monuments of ancient Egypt are the Great Pyramids. These grandiose structures built with solid stone blocks weighing up to two hundred tons each, surprise and enchant its grandeur all who have seen them. Significant role in this play and the fact that the secret construction of the pyramids lost in the mist of centuries.

Recent studies have shown that ancient Egyptian kings, who wanted to leave behind lasting traces of their power and inimitability and commanded to build powerful structures, guided, possibly, a single purpose — to shake the imagination of future civilizations and put them at an impasse regarding construction techniques. Now almost does not matter whether the pyramids built by the labour of hundreds of thousands of slaves or, as some suppose, with the help of extraterrestrials, one thing is certain — the mystery of the Egyptian pyramids will live forever. More than one generation will break my head on finding out the majestic buildings. Although in recent years a theory according to which the pyramids were supposedly built not by the Egyptians.

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Gothic letter

Gothic letter

Since the beginning of the printing appeared inlaid Gothic fonts — famous Gutenberg Bible was typed variant textures. In Italy, the first printed book with Gothic letters appeared in 1473. (these were the works of H. de Torquemada and R. Caraccioli ) [1] .

The name (from the “barbarian” people ready. in fact had nothing to do with this font) was proposed in the XV century figures of the Italian Renaissance. these fonts are considered “barbarian” and Roman protivopostavlyalsya their writing. In the Romanesque and Eastern European countries, Western Christian, Roman type was adopted immediately, however, the German peoples (and peoples under the cultural domination of the latter — the Finns. the Estonians. Latvians and so on D.) for the same reasons, began to be applied Fraktur (a type of Gothic script), with fractures clearly were opposed to the serif font as a different system of writing and has never been used for writing in languages where the Gothic letter was not accepted (for example, German-Latin, German-French or German-Czech texts (dictionaries, bilingual or Glossa ) written in Fraktur to Antiqua and German for Latin, French or Czech). In further rejection of the fracture was associated partly with the bourgeois revolutions Continue reading

Megalithic structures
Megalithic structures – erected before the Flood "These three walls [Saccoman, Peru] built as so many gems in them, and so they are huge". "Huge monoliths [Tiahuanaco, Peru] were created…

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Technical facilities
Is only slightly rotate your view, so the flow of information overwhelms the mind. The sector survey now turned to fortification. Some time ago, going to visit his friend, found…

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