The architecture and sculpture of the Gothic
Gothic art represents the next Romanesque after the stage of development of medieval art. The name is conventionally. It was synonymous with barbarism in the view of historians of the Renaissance who first used this term describing the art of the middle ages in General, not seeing it his valuable sides. Gothic — a more Mature art style of the middle ages than the Roman one. It affects the unity and integrity of artistic expression in all art forms. Religious form of Gothic art more sensitively than romance, to life, nature and man. It involved and its terms the entire sum of medieval knowledge, complex and contradictory ideas and experiences. In the dreaminess and emotion of the images of the Gothic, both at home and the rise of spiritual impulses, in the tireless pursuit of her masters felt the new influences — the awakening of the mind and feelings, the passionate desire for beauty. Increased spirituality of Gothic art, the growing interest in human feelings, to astronavigation, to the beauty of the real world produced the flowering of Renaissance art.
France . The classical expression of the Gothic style got in France — the Motherland of Gothic cathedrals. In 12-14 centuries is the Association of French lands, the state is formed, laying the Foundation of national culture. The first monuments of French Gothic architecture originated in the province of Ile-de-France (Saint-Denis Abbot Suger), the heart of the Royal domain. Continue reading
Mysterious megaliths Alatri
All known Egipetskie pyramids, Machu Picchu and Stonehenge… we admire these ancient and mysterious buildings. Did you know that the ancient megalithic buildings in Italy?
Today we will get acquainted with the city of Alatri, located in the province of Frosinone, Lazio region and it is famous for its megalithic walls of the Acropolis. In the ancient Alatri called Aletrium (Aletrium) and he was one of the main centers of the Italian people of the ancient ernici mountains.
The Acropolis – the oldest and famous building of the city Alatri, his emblem. It is still unknown when was the Acropolis built, by whom and for what, there is only speculation.
The Acropolis is an earthquake-resistant structure, built using huge stones, laid dry, without any ligamentous material. It is located in the highest part of the city, its construction was begun probably in the 7th century BC The Acropolis for a long time had two functions: a sacred place, here very probably was a temple dedicated to Saturn, God the founder of the city and the second function — the fortress (of a defensive garrison), where the population took refuge in case of danger.
Archaeologists continue to make new discoveries in this mysterious place. For example, scientists Continue reading
St. Peter’s Cathedral the oldest building of the Vatican. Is this true?
The oldest building in Vatican city is St. Peter’s Basilica. It is considered, that it was erected in the fourth century during the reign of Constantine the Great, and subsequently rebuilt. However, it is not. Historians themselves recognize that Constantine the Great ordered to put on the grave of St. Peter a very different Church Basilica, of which nothing remains. It is reported that soon after it was built it was badly damaged. Blame for this was allegedly the first Pope Damasus, who ordered to dig channels in the district. As a result of the construction of the Basilica began to direct the streams of water, which destroyed the Church. It is interesting that, despite this, Pope Damasus was canonized. In the Vatican is named in his honour was the court of St. Damasus.
After the destruction of the first Church Basilica was built here the Cathedral of St. Peter. Which many consider to be very ancient. However, it was built in the sixteenth, seventeenth centuries. In 1628 he was consecrated by Pope urban the sixth. But was there ever the first Church of the Basilica? Look at some old pictures, which depicted the Vatican in the sixteenth century.
St. Peter’s Basilica and the analysis of its antiquity
Here, for example ancient fresco 1537-1541, located in the Castel Sant’angelo in Rome. It depicts the theatre Bramanti running down the hillside and connects the papal Continue reading