The ancient Egyptians have left monuments which to this day amaze scientists for its giant size. The most significant monuments of ancient Egypt are the Great Pyramids. These grandiose structures built with solid stone blocks weighing up to two hundred tons each, surprise and enchant its grandeur all who have seen them. Significant role in this play and the fact that the secret construction of the pyramids lost in the mist of centuries.
Recent studies have shown that ancient Egyptian kings, who wanted to leave behind lasting traces of their power and inimitability and commanded to build powerful structures, guided, possibly, a single purpose — to shake the imagination of future civilizations and put them at an impasse regarding construction techniques. Now almost does not matter whether the pyramids built by the labour of hundreds of thousands of slaves or, as some suppose, with the help of extraterrestrials, one thing is certain — the mystery of the Egyptian pyramids will live forever. More than one generation will break my head on finding out the majestic buildings. Although in recent years a theory according to which the pyramids were supposedly built not by the Egyptians.
The most ancient civilization in the world
Where there were first ancient civilizations, as they were called, had achieved what was in their basis – all of these issues are already many hundreds of years before historians and scientists. Also in dispute is the fact that what civilization considered first.
Still, it is not known what kind of civilization can be called the very first, as not all the facts of our history is well known. Scientists argue about which of the ancient civilizations can be attributed to the first.
In currently known facts, scientists have compiled a list of civilizations of the planet that formed among the first. Next, we consider some of them.
The civilization of the aborigines of Australia
Some scientists believe the ancient civilization of the aborigines, which had evolved in isolation on the Australian continent. This way of life could not fail to influence their traditions, customs and culture. It is known that the aboriginal tribes consisted of one hundred – one hundred fifty people, all connected by a very complex system of kinship. In each tribe all were equal. For many years, the civilization of the aborigines was considered primitive. In fact, their culture is quite rich, but completely incomprehensible to us, because poorly understood. This unique culture is now in decline due to the invasion in Australia of the British. Their cultural heritage, most likely, will not be able to return.
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In the library there was a presentation of the book “fortresses of Novgorod the Great”
On 25 October in the reading hall of the regional universal scientific library there was held a meeting with the authors of the book “fortresses of Novgorod the Great” Lyudmila Andreevna Philippi and Ninel Nikolayevna Kuzmina, known in Novgorod and outside researchers of architectural monuments of our city.
Second and enlarged edition was published in 2012 in Saint-Petersburg, publishing house “Faces of Russia” with support of Committee of culture of Novgorod region. The publication contains new information and publications supplied with many illustrations, including archival funds of Russian state historical archive, the State research Museum of architecture. A. V. Schusev, the archives of the Novgorod scientific and restoration management, and others. In a book published the author’s reconstruction and drawings that enable to visually represent the shape and evolution of the fortifications of Novgorod in different historical periods. The authors emphasize that “sixty years ago scientists did not know much about the weapons of the fortress of Novgorod. From annalistic sources of the more famous military history, and the architecture remained blank. Only in the last Continue reading