Archaeologists have discovered an underground pyramid of the Etruscans
Known above-ground Etruscan pyramids, this is one of them. Most likely, they served as altars.
In Central Italy a group of American and Italian archaeologists have discovered a pyramid of the Etruscans — for the first time in the history of science. Structures carved into the volcanic tuff, on which stands the city of Orvieto. The upper part of one of them was used as a wine cellar, in which were seen the ancient stairs.
Having started the excavations, David George from College of the Holy. Anselm (USA) and Claudio Bizzarri from local archaeological Park noticed that the walls have a tilt, leading to the idea of a pyramidal form, informs compulenta. Passing through a layer of mid-twentieth century, archaeologists have reached a medieval floor.
Directly beneath, they came across a layer filled with red-figure attic pottery of the middle of V century BC, and Etruscan pottery with inscriptions VI?V centuries BC was discovered Next layer of material, which the builders deliberately covered the lower levels, where leave is cut in the wall of the stairs. Maybe in the tomb?
At a depth of about three meters found a tunnel leading to another pyramid structure. It is assumed that it was dug in the middle of V century BC this is All very mysterious — as should be the case with the Etruscans.
The ancient Egyptians have left monuments which to this day amaze scientists for its giant size. The most significant monuments of ancient Egypt are the Great Pyramids. These grandiose structures built with solid stone blocks weighing up to two hundred tons each, surprise and enchant its grandeur all who have seen them. Significant role in this play and the fact that the secret construction of the pyramids lost in the mist of centuries.
Recent studies have shown that ancient Egyptian kings, who wanted to leave behind lasting traces of their power and inimitability and commanded to build powerful structures, guided, possibly, a single purpose — to shake the imagination of future civilizations and put them at an impasse regarding construction techniques. Now almost does not matter whether the pyramids built by the labour of hundreds of thousands of slaves or, as some suppose, with the help of extraterrestrials, one thing is certain — the mystery of the Egyptian pyramids will live forever. More than one generation will break my head on finding out the majestic buildings. Although in recent years a theory according to which the pyramids were supposedly built not by the Egyptians.
The most ancient civilization in the world
Where there were first ancient civilizations, as they were called, had achieved what was in their basis – all of these issues are already many hundreds of years before historians and scientists. Also in dispute is the fact that what civilization considered first.
Still, it is not known what kind of civilization can be called the very first, as not all the facts of our history is well known. Scientists argue about which of the ancient civilizations can be attributed to the first.
In currently known facts, scientists have compiled a list of civilizations of the planet that formed among the first. Next, we consider some of them.
The civilization of the aborigines of Australia
Some scientists believe the ancient civilization of the aborigines, which had evolved in isolation on the Australian continent. This way of life could not fail to influence their traditions, customs and culture. It is known that the aboriginal tribes consisted of one hundred – one hundred fifty people, all connected by a very complex system of kinship. In each tribe all were equal. For many years, the civilization of the aborigines was considered primitive. In fact, their culture is quite rich, but completely incomprehensible to us, because poorly understood. This unique culture is now in decline due to the invasion in Australia of the British. Their cultural heritage, most likely, will not be able to return.
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