Archaeologists have discovered an underground pyramid of the Etruscans
Known above-ground Etruscan pyramids, this is one of them. Most likely, they served as altars.
In Central Italy a group of American and Italian archaeologists have discovered a pyramid of the Etruscans — for the first time in the history of science. Structures carved into the volcanic tuff, on which stands the city of Orvieto. The upper part of one of them was used as a wine cellar, in which were seen the ancient stairs.
Having started the excavations, David George from College of the Holy. Anselm (USA) and Claudio Bizzarri from local archaeological Park noticed that the walls have a tilt, leading to the idea of a pyramidal form, informs compulenta. Passing through a layer of mid-twentieth century, archaeologists have reached a medieval floor.
Directly beneath, they came across a layer filled with red-figure attic pottery of the middle of V century BC, and Etruscan pottery with inscriptions VI?V centuries BC was discovered Next layer of material, which the builders deliberately covered the lower levels, where leave is cut in the wall of the stairs. Maybe in the tomb?
At a depth of about three meters found a tunnel leading to another pyramid structure. It is assumed that it was dug in the middle of V century BC this is All very mysterious — as should be the case with the Etruscans.
St. Peter’s Cathedral the oldest building of the Vatican. Is this true?
The oldest building in Vatican city is St. Peter’s Basilica. It is considered, that it was erected in the fourth century during the reign of Constantine the Great, and subsequently rebuilt. However, it is not. Historians themselves recognize that Constantine the Great ordered to put on the grave of St. Peter a very different Church Basilica, of which nothing remains. It is reported that soon after it was built it was badly damaged. Blame for this was allegedly the first Pope Damasus, who ordered to dig channels in the district. As a result of the construction of the Basilica began to direct the streams of water, which destroyed the Church. It is interesting that, despite this, Pope Damasus was canonized. In the Vatican is named in his honour was the court of St. Damasus.
After the destruction of the first Church Basilica was built here the Cathedral of St. Peter. Which many consider to be very ancient. However, it was built in the sixteenth, seventeenth centuries. In 1628 he was consecrated by Pope urban the sixth. But was there ever the first Church of the Basilica? Look at some old pictures, which depicted the Vatican in the sixteenth century.
St. Peter’s Basilica and the analysis of its antiquity
Here, for example ancient fresco 1537-1541, located in the Castel Sant’angelo in Rome. It depicts the theatre Bramanti running down the hillside and connects the papal Continue reading
The most ancient civilization in the world
Where there were first ancient civilizations, as they were called, had achieved what was in their basis – all of these issues are already many hundreds of years before historians and scientists. Also in dispute is the fact that what civilization considered first.
Still, it is not known what kind of civilization can be called the very first, as not all the facts of our history is well known. Scientists argue about which of the ancient civilizations can be attributed to the first.
In currently known facts, scientists have compiled a list of civilizations of the planet that formed among the first. Next, we consider some of them.
The civilization of the aborigines of Australia
Some scientists believe the ancient civilization of the aborigines, which had evolved in isolation on the Australian continent. This way of life could not fail to influence their traditions, customs and culture. It is known that the aboriginal tribes consisted of one hundred – one hundred fifty people, all connected by a very complex system of kinship. In each tribe all were equal. For many years, the civilization of the aborigines was considered primitive. In fact, their culture is quite rich, but completely incomprehensible to us, because poorly understood. This unique culture is now in decline due to the invasion in Australia of the British. Their cultural heritage, most likely, will not be able to return.
Civilization Continue reading