Megalithic structures – erected before the Flood
“These three walls [Saccoman, Peru] built as
so many gems in them, and so they are huge”.
“Huge monoliths [Tiahuanaco, Peru] were created
with the help of magic, so all these buildings were not
the work of human hands, and are a creation of the devil.”
Spanish historian and poet Garcilaso de La VEGA (1503-1536)
Megalithic structures in South and Central America
And Pumapunku Kalasasaya (Tiwanaku)
One of the most famous megalithic structures are two groups of ruins in the vicinity of the village of Tiahuanaco in Bolivia, located at 4 km height 20 km from the lake. Titicaca – Kalasasaya and Pumapunku. In the old days they wrote these cyclopean structures. So, the exterior walls of the great Sun temple of Kalasasaya surrounded the territory in 1500 x 130 m. the Ground lying next to him the akapana pyramid has dimensions of approximately 220 x 200 m. The thickness of the walls of some buildings, built of giant stone blocks of ANDESITES, diorites and sandstones weighing up to 120 tons, exceeded 3 m.
To the greatest extent has the group Pumapunku ruins, located 300 m from the village of Tiahuanaco. Here is an area of several hectares there are huge stone slabs, some of them weigh up to 500 tons. They are made of andesite and diorite, Continue reading
Art. Architecture. Gothic
The Gothic architecture of Spain
In the XIII century in Spain is the most fierce struggle with the Arabs, as well as enhanced internal struggle of the Spanish people – the feudal lords and the citizens, had had the king’s participation in cortech. In the Gothic era, the most actively formed Spanish culture, Spanish language, is Spanish epic, a kind of paths the development of architecture and fine arts.
The Gothic architecture of Spain has a great diversity of local forms, due to differences in socio-economic and cultural patterns in different regions. Not less clearly revealed and some common features, characteristic of Spanish Gothic architecture. Within this style of unity quite clearly are two of the circle of monuments that were created in Castile and Catalonia.
One of the features of Spanish Gothic overall — free violation of a strict constructive logic of the building is particularly affected in the appearance of the Spanish cathedrals. Originally conceived in accordance with the French samples of the facade and the portals were often left unfinished, and in the body of the Cathedral without a specific plan has grown countless Continue reading
Report: Gothic architecture
The Gothic style was the first rather original architectural style which was born in Northern Europe. More than 300 years the rising up, penetrated by light cathedrals and churches were an embodiment of humility and arrogance of medieval Christians.
The Romanesque style dominated architecture in the early middle ages, was impressed, first of all, the squat massiveness of forms. Thick walls, huge columns and powerful buttresses left little room light that did cathedrals and churches, gloomy and strict constructions plunging in awe. Then, in the middle of the twelfth century, in France there was a completely different type of Church constructions. Despite the fact that their spires seemed to touch the heavens, structurally new churches were much more graceful and easier. Inside the building the imagination was amazed with the height and abundance of light. People used to pray in churches built in the Romanesque style, the Gothic style was to cause a striking elation and emancipation.
The new style was embodied for the first time in France in the construction of the main Church of the Abbey of Saint-Denis near Paris. The building was constructed in 1140-44 by order of the Abbot, but it is unknown whether the idea belonged to him or the anonymous master masons. Anyway, the Abbe was pleased with the result – especially the wonderful stream of light flowing from the Windows.
The new style caught on, and within 20 years the construction of Gothic Continue reading