St. Peter’s Cathedral the oldest building of the Vatican. Is this true?
The oldest building in Vatican city is St. Peter’s Basilica. It is considered, that it was erected in the fourth century during the reign of Constantine the Great, and subsequently rebuilt. However, it is not. Historians themselves recognize that Constantine the Great ordered to put on the grave of St. Peter a very different Church Basilica, of which nothing remains. It is reported that soon after it was built it was badly damaged. Blame for this was allegedly the first Pope Damasus, who ordered to dig channels in the district. As a result of the construction of the Basilica began to direct the streams of water, which destroyed the Church. It is interesting that, despite this, Pope Damasus was canonized. In the Vatican is named in his honour was the court of St. Damasus.
After the destruction of the first Church Basilica was built here the Cathedral of St. Peter. Which many consider to be very ancient. However, it was built in the sixteenth, seventeenth centuries. In 1628 he was consecrated by Pope urban the sixth. But was there ever the first Church of the Basilica? Look at some old pictures, which depicted the Vatican in the sixteenth century.
St. Peter’s Basilica and the analysis of its antiquity
Here, for example ancient fresco 1537-1541, located in the Castel Sant’angelo in Rome. It depicts the theatre Bramanti running down the hillside and connects the papal Continue reading
The ancient Egyptians have left monuments which to this day amaze scientists for its giant size. The most significant monuments of ancient Egypt are the Great Pyramids. These grandiose structures built with solid stone blocks weighing up to two hundred tons each, surprise and enchant its grandeur all who have seen them. Significant role in this play and the fact that the secret construction of the pyramids lost in the mist of centuries.
Recent studies have shown that ancient Egyptian kings, who wanted to leave behind lasting traces of their power and inimitability and commanded to build powerful structures, guided, possibly, a single purpose — to shake the imagination of future civilizations and put them at an impasse regarding construction techniques. Now almost does not matter whether the pyramids built by the labour of hundreds of thousands of slaves or, as some suppose, with the help of extraterrestrials, one thing is certain — the mystery of the Egyptian pyramids will live forever. More than one generation will break my head on finding out the majestic buildings. Although in recent years a theory according to which the pyramids were supposedly built not by the Egyptians.
Interesting pattern: the Gothic style returned to life approximately every 100 years for over three centuries. By the beginning of the XXI century we have already gathered the authentic monuments of architecture of the “Gothic style”, formerly known as Russian pseudo-Gothic style, so you can confidently say: Russia is also a country of Gothic ruins. The greater part of the ruins and monuments it represents.
First of all it should be noted that we used to have “Gothic” referred to all ages, so and St. Basil’s Cathedral Moscow enlightened for the times of Catherine II – also Gothic. In a narrow understanding of the term “Gothic style” is called architecture that combines elements of Western European medieval, richly flavored old Russian décor with Oriental motifs, existed since the 70-ies of the XVIII century to the beginning of the XIX century. Russian craftsmen had no habits just copy foreign models; rather, they produced a bizarre symbiosis of local and foreign traditions. And with the Russian pseudo-Gothic European cathedrals, overwhelming its cold grandeur and size, was replaced in our land openwork, ornate buildings of medium size.
The first example of Gothic architecture in the Moscow region is the entrance of the Palace. With him is associated and the most burning secret Russian Gothic. There are rumors saying that Catherine II, for which the Palace was built, rejected almost Continue reading