Gothic (it. gotico – letters. Gothic, svyazannye with a Germanic tribe is ready) – an artistic style that emerged in the mid-twelfth century in France and spread in Western, Central and partly in Eastern Europe. Gothic completed the development of European medieval art and arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture. The term “Gothic” became established during the Renaissance to refer to all medieval art, which was considered “barbaric”. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
The leading place in the art was Gothic Cathedral, around which was concentrated the life of the citizens. Structural basis of the Cathedral served as a frame of pillars and based on them Lancet arches. The imposition of outside structural elements that support the cross vault, has created an enormous, incommensurable with the person the space of the interior. The walls of the Cathedral were cut huge Windows with colourful stained glass, which in the mysterious gloom of the interior glowed bright red, blue, yellow colours Continue reading