Since the beginning of the printing appeared inlaid Gothic fonts — famous Gutenberg Bible was typed variant textures. In Italy, the first printed book with Gothic letters appeared in 1473. (these were the works of H. de Torquemada and R. Caraccioli )  .
The name (from the “barbarian” people ready. in fact had nothing to do with this font) was proposed in the XV century figures of the Italian Renaissance. these fonts are considered “barbarian” and Roman protivopostavlyalsya their writing. In the Romanesque and Eastern European countries, Western Christian, Roman type was adopted immediately, however, the German peoples (and peoples under the cultural domination of the latter — the Finns. the Estonians. Latvians and so on D.) for the same reasons, began to be applied Fraktur (a type of Gothic script), with fractures clearly were opposed to the serif font as a different system of writing and has never been used for writing in languages where the Gothic letter was not accepted (for example, German-Latin, German-French or German-Czech texts (dictionaries, bilingual or Glossa ) written in Fraktur to Antiqua and German for Latin, French or Czech). In further rejection of the fracture was associated partly with the bourgeois revolutions Continue reading
Underground city of Derinkuyu
Underground complex of Derinkuyu is located in the same village (ancient name – Melagobia, Turkish – Manenguba, which means “deep well”) is 30 km South of Nevsehir in Cappadocia (Turkey).
The complex is a large eight-level underground city, with a depth of about 85 m, the largest city cleaned today in Turkey, covering an area of about 1,500 sq. m. According to archaeologists currently open only 10% of this ancient city. Only five levels deep in the past, here was large enough to accommodate and lead a life of approximately 20 thousand people together with their products for life, and even livestock.
Derinkuyu was opened in 1963, and in 1965 he was available for inspection by tourists. The city was built probably in the VI-X centuries. It is known that 8-km-long tunnel linked the ancient underground world of Kaymakli – one of the largest underground cities, but at the moment, the tunnel is impassable because of debris.
The entrance to the cave is located in one-story building among the plateau at a height of 1355 m above sea level.
In the city you can see the rooms, chapels, vent pipes, wells, halls, stables for livestock, barns, schools, kitchens, wineries, Continue reading
Interesting pattern: the Gothic style returned to life approximately every 100 years for over three centuries. By the beginning of the XXI century we have already gathered the authentic monuments of architecture of the “Gothic style”, formerly known as Russian pseudo-Gothic style, so you can confidently say: Russia is also a country of Gothic ruins. The greater part of the ruins and monuments it represents.
First of all it should be noted that we used to have “Gothic” referred to all ages, so and St. Basil’s Cathedral Moscow enlightened for the times of Catherine II – also Gothic. In a narrow understanding of the term “Gothic style” is called architecture that combines elements of Western European medieval, richly flavored old Russian décor with Oriental motifs, existed since the 70-ies of the XVIII century to the beginning of the XIX century. Russian craftsmen had no habits just copy foreign models; rather, they produced a bizarre symbiosis of local and foreign traditions. And with the Russian pseudo-Gothic European cathedrals, overwhelming its cold grandeur and size, was replaced in our land openwork, ornate buildings of medium size.
The first example of Gothic architecture in the Moscow region is the entrance of the Palace. With him is associated and the most burning secret Russian Gothic. There are rumors saying that Catherine II, for which the Palace was built, rejected almost Continue reading