Features of Gothic script
Gothic letter — collection letter Latin handwritings of the middle ages. Appeared in the XI century, replacing the Carolingian uncial letter.
Since the beginning of the printing appeared inlaid Gothic fonts — famous Gutenberg Bible was typed variant textures. In Italy, the first printed book with Gothic letters appeared in 1473. (these were the works of H. de Torquemada and R. Caraccioli).
The name (from the “barbarian” people ready, in fact had nothing to do with this font) was proposed in the XV century figures of the Italian Renaissance, who considered such fonts are “barbaric” and Roman protivopostavlyalsya their writing. In the Romanesque and Eastern European countries, Western Christian, Roman type was adopted immediately, however, the German peoples (and peoples under the cultural domination of the latter — the Finns, Estonians, Latvians, and so D.) for the same reasons, began to be applied Fraktur (a type of Gothic script), with fractures clearly were opposed to the serif font as a different system of writing and has never been used for writing in languages where the Gothic letter was not accepted (for example, German-Latin, German-French or German-Czech texts (dictionaries, bilingual or Glossa) written in Fraktur to Antiqua and German for Latin, French or Czech). In further rejection of the fracture was associated Continue reading
Mysterious megaliths Alatri
All known Egipetskie pyramids, Machu Picchu and Stonehenge… we admire these ancient and mysterious buildings. Did you know that the ancient megalithic buildings in Italy?
Today we will get acquainted with the city of Alatri, located in the province of Frosinone, Lazio region and it is famous for its megalithic walls of the Acropolis. In the ancient Alatri called Aletrium (Aletrium) and he was one of the main centers of the Italian people of the ancient ernici mountains.
The Acropolis – the oldest and famous building of the city Alatri, his emblem. It is still unknown when was the Acropolis built, by whom and for what, there is only speculation.
The Acropolis is an earthquake-resistant structure, built using huge stones, laid dry, without any ligamentous material. It is located in the highest part of the city, its construction was begun probably in the 7th century BC The Acropolis for a long time had two functions: a sacred place, here very probably was a temple dedicated to Saturn, God the founder of the city and the second function — the fortress (of a defensive garrison), where the population took refuge in case of danger.
Archaeologists continue to make new discoveries in this mysterious place. For example, scientists Continue reading
The most ancient civilization in the world
Where there were first ancient civilizations, as they were called, had achieved what was in their basis – all of these issues are already many hundreds of years before historians and scientists. Also in dispute is the fact that what civilization considered first.
Still, it is not known what kind of civilization can be called the very first, as not all the facts of our history is well known. Scientists argue about which of the ancient civilizations can be attributed to the first.
In currently known facts, scientists have compiled a list of civilizations of the planet that formed among the first. Next, we consider some of them.
The civilization of the aborigines of Australia
Some scientists believe the ancient civilization of the aborigines, which had evolved in isolation on the Australian continent. This way of life could not fail to influence their traditions, customs and culture. It is known that the aboriginal tribes consisted of one hundred – one hundred fifty people, all connected by a very complex system of kinship. In each tribe all were equal. For many years, the civilization of the aborigines was considered primitive. In fact, their culture is quite rich, but completely incomprehensible to us, because poorly understood. This unique culture is now in decline due to the invasion in Australia of the British. Their cultural heritage, most likely, will not be able to return.
Civilization Continue reading