Since the beginning of the printing appeared inlaid Gothic fonts — famous Gutenberg Bible was typed variant textures. In Italy, the first printed book with Gothic letters appeared in 1473. (these were the works of H. de Torquemada and R. Caraccioli )  .
The name (from the “barbarian” people ready. in fact had nothing to do with this font) was proposed in the XV century figures of the Italian Renaissance. these fonts are considered “barbarian” and Roman protivopostavlyalsya their writing. In the Romanesque and Eastern European countries, Western Christian, Roman type was adopted immediately, however, the German peoples (and peoples under the cultural domination of the latter — the Finns. the Estonians. Latvians and so on D.) for the same reasons, began to be applied Fraktur (a type of Gothic script), with fractures clearly were opposed to the serif font as a different system of writing and has never been used for writing in languages where the Gothic letter was not accepted (for example, German-Latin, German-French or German-Czech texts (dictionaries, bilingual or Glossa ) written in Fraktur to Antiqua and German for Latin, French or Czech). In further rejection of the fracture was associated partly with the bourgeois revolutions Continue reading
The main images of the sculptures of Gothic cathedrals
The Gothic Cathedral represented a distinctive collection of religious transfigured realities of the world. In it his life’s struggle, conflict, sorrow, and suffering people, compassion and love, hatred and anger acted in sculptural compositions, transferring the images of different gospel stories, such as the scourge of the Patriarch job, the persecution of the Martyr cruel pagans, crying the mother of God on the crucified Christ.
When choosing subjects, how and when the distribution of images, the wizard created a giant Gothic sculptural complexes, obeyed the established Church rules. Together ancient sculptures. located on the facades of cathedrals, gave a clear view of the universe that took place in accordance with religious beliefs.
As a rule, Central portal, located on the West facade, dedicated to Christ or the Madonna; the left – hand portal is a Saint, venerated in certain dioceses, and the main portal of the Madonna.
On the pillar separating the doors of the Central portal is in two parts, installed a large statue of the Madonna, Christ or a Saint. On the pedestal often appeared the statues representing the seasons or “months”. The slopes of the walls were decorated with monumental figures of apostles, saints, prophets, angels, and old Testament characters. Sometimes, there seemed to plots Continue reading
Interesting pattern: the Gothic style returned to life approximately every 100 years for over three centuries. By the beginning of the XXI century we have already gathered the authentic monuments of architecture of the “Gothic style”, formerly known as Russian pseudo-Gothic style, so you can confidently say: Russia is also a country of Gothic ruins. The greater part of the ruins and monuments it represents.
First of all it should be noted that we used to have “Gothic” referred to all ages, so and St. Basil’s Cathedral Moscow enlightened for the times of Catherine II – also Gothic. In a narrow understanding of the term “Gothic style” is called architecture that combines elements of Western European medieval, richly flavored old Russian décor with Oriental motifs, existed since the 70-ies of the XVIII century to the beginning of the XIX century. Russian craftsmen had no habits just copy foreign models; rather, they produced a bizarre symbiosis of local and foreign traditions. And with the Russian pseudo-Gothic European cathedrals, overwhelming its cold grandeur and size, was replaced in our land openwork, ornate buildings of medium size.
The first example of Gothic architecture in the Moscow region is the entrance of the Palace. With him is associated and the most burning secret Russian Gothic. There are rumors saying that Catherine II, for which the Palace was built, rejected almost Continue reading